Title IX Violations

At Least 16 Higher Education Institutions Have Been Charged with Title IX Non-Compliance

Harvard, Princeton and Yale are only some of the 15 schools where the OCR has reported a Title IX violation. 

The list compiled contains not only private schools, but public ones as well. 


Page Title
School Level
Institution
Investigation Duration (Days)
Location
Institution
Description
Location
Institution
Chicago Public Schools - 09/07/2015Elementary/SecondaryChicago Public SchoolsChicago,Illinois,United StatesOCR’s investigation revealed significant disparities between the enrollment of female students and their participation in high school interscholastic athletics at the majority of district high schools. OCR determined that 6,200 additional athletic participation opportunities would be available if girls’ enrollment and participation were proportionate. Under the terms of the agreement with OCR, the district will add participation opportunities at a minimum of 12 high schools beginning as early as fall 2015. Thereafter, based on a comprehensive assessment of the interests and abilities of its students, the district will add new sports, levels of competition (e.g., varsity, junior varsity, sophomore, freshman) or squads each season until each high school has demonstrated compliance with Title IX. The agreement requires compliance to be demonstrated no later than the 2018-19 school year.Chicago,Illinois,United States
Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation - 15/02/2013Elementary/SecondaryEvansville-Vanderburgh School CorporationEvansville,Indiana,United StatesThe review examined whether the corporation discriminated against female students under Title IX by denying them an equal opportunity to participate in its high school interscholastic athletics program and by not providing to female athletes locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities that are equivalent to those provided to male athletes. Prior to OCR's making a compliance determination, the corporation requested to enter into a voluntary resolution agreement with OCR. "Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corporation worked cooperatively and proactively with OCR to address inequities that disadvantage the corporation's female athletes," said Acting Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights Seth Galanter. "The corporation has agreed to provide equality in its athletic opportunities and in the locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities at each of its high schools. This case reminds us how critical Title IX remains in ensuring equal opportunity in athletics for girls and women." OCR's investigation revealed a disparity of more than 13 percentage points between the enrollment of female high school students and their participation in the corporation's athletics programs. Had the corporation provided equal participation, girls would have been offered approximately 590 additional athletic participation opportunities. Under the terms of the agreement, the corporation will assess whether there are unmet athletics interests and abilities among female students and, if so, it will take steps by 2013-14 to increase opportunities for female, including new sports teams for girls, additional levels for existing teams or increased squad size for existing teams. The corporation will also develop, implement and publicize a procedure for interested parties to use to request the addition of new sports or levels of sports at each high school. The agreement makes clear that OCR does not require or encourage the elimination of any team and that it is seeking action from the corporation that does not involve the elimination of athletic opportunities for either sex. The agreement also requires the corporation to assess the locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities at each high school by comparing for males and females, the quality, availability, exclusivity, maintenance and preparation of practice and competitive facilities, and the availability and quality of locker rooms. During the course of OCR's investigation, the corporation made significant renovations to its facilities, including the construction of a new high school. The corporation has agreed to upgrade any athletic facilities that are not comparable by the end of the current school year.Evansville,Indiana,United States
Harvard Law School - 30/12/2014PostsecondaryHarvard Law SchoolCambridge,Massachusetts,United StatesFollowing its investigation, OCR determined that the Law School's current and prior sexual harassment policies and procedures failed to comply with Title IX's requirements for prompt and equitable response to complaints of sexual harassment and sexual assault. The Law School also did not appropriately respond to two student complaints of sexual assault. In one instance, the Law School took over a year to make its final determination and the complainant was not allowed to participate in this extended appeal process, which ultimately resulted in the reversal of the initial decision to dismiss the accused student and dismissal of the complainant's complaint. During the course of OCR's investigation, the Law School adopted revised procedures that use the "preponderance of the evidence" standard for its sexual harassment investigations and afford appeal rights to both parties, in compliance with Title IX. The Law School also complied with the Title IX requirements relating to the designation of a Title IX Coordinator and publication of its non-discrimination notice. The Law School has committed to take further specific steps to ensure that it responds to student complaints of sexual harassment and sexual violence promptly and equitably. As part of its monitoring of the agreement, OCR will review and approve all of the policies and procedures to be used by the Law School, including the Law School's use of the new University-wide sexual harassment policies and procedures adopted for this academic year. The changes relating to the University-wide policies and procedures will be published in supplemental guidance and will affect all of the University's schools as they, like the Law School, decide how to implement the new University-wide policies and procedures.Cambridge,Massachusetts,United States
LaPorte Community School Corporation - 25/04/2015Elementary/SecondaryLaPorte Community School CorporationLaPorte,Indiana,United StatesTitle IX complaint involving sexually predatory behavior and sexual harassment of female high school volleyball players. In addition to directing sexual comments and jokes at the female players, the LaPorte coach engaged in sexual relations with a freshman player. Despite contemporaneous reports and eyewitness accounts of the coach’s behavior, the corporation failed to conduct a thorough and adequate investigation of the sexual harassment of its students and to effectively address the effects of the sexual harassment on its high school students. In fact, the corporation allowed the coach to continue to attend the girls’ volleyball games after it dismissed the coach. OCR determined that the corporation violated Title IX when a volleyball coach sexually harassed members of the girls’ volleyball team in 2007 and 2008 and the corporation failed – for years – to promptly and equitably respond to the harassment. Even after OCR informed the corporation that it was in violation of Title IX, the corporation did not agree to take corrective action to address the sexual harassment of its students until after OCR issued a letter warning the corporation that, if it persisted in refusing to enter a resolution agreement, the office would refer the corporation for enforcement actions that could include discontinuation of federal funding to the corporation. In the resolution agreement, the corporation committed to take the following actions:1. Issue a statement to the corporation community, including students, parents, administrators and staff, that it does not tolerate sexual harassment and encouraging any student who believes he or she has been subjected to sexual harassment to report the incident(s) to the corporation. 2. Review and revise its sexual harassment policies and procedures and its code of conduct to ensure that they adequately address incidents of sexual harassment and provide for the prompt and equitable resolution of sexual harassment complaints. 3. Provide effective training to students and staff on the corporation’s revised sexual harassment policies and procedures and provide investigation training to staff who are directly involved in handling complaints or other reports of sexual harassment. 4. Assess the extent to which employees who had knowledge of reports of sexual harassment of the student in this case failed to take action to report and/or investigate the harassment and implement appropriate discipline against those employees. 5. Establish a working group to make recommendations regarding the effectiveness of the corporation’s anti-harassment program and conduct a climate survey to assess the effectiveness of the steps taken to assure that its school environment is free from sexual harassment. 6. Inform the one student in writing of the findings and outcome of any investigation(s) conducted by the corporation into the reports of sexual harassment of the student and invite her to identify needed remedial services, which may include payment for future counseling and reimbursement for previously received counseling, and then take appropriate remedial actions after OCR approval. 7. Complete an investigation of whether other members of the girls’ volleyball team were subjected to a sexually hostile environment and, if so, offer appropriate remedial services. 8. Convene focus groups of student athletes to discuss any concerns regarding sexual harassment in the corporation’s athletic program. 9. Provide OCR documentation relating to any complaints or other reports of sexual harassment of students received by the corporation and the corporation’s response to the complaints and reports.LaPorte,Indiana,United States
Michigan State University - 01/09/2015PostsecondaryMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing,Michigan,United StatesOCR investigated whether the University failed to promptly and equitably respond to complaints, reports, and/or incidents of sexual harassment and sexual violence of which it had actual or constructive notice, including the reports filed by the two complainants in the above-referenced complaints; and whether, as a result, students, including the complainants, were subjected to or continued to be subjected to a sexually hostile environment. OCR also examined whether the University failed to take appropriate action when one of the complainants reported being subjected to retaliatory harassment. OCR determined that the University failed to adequately notify students and employees of the name or title of the Title IX Coordinator, and the University’s notice of nondiscrimination failed to indicate that inquiries could be referred to the University’s Title IX Coordinator or OCR’s Assistant Secretary as the Title IX implementing regulation requires. Further, OCR determined that the University’s Title IX grievance procedures, in place during the time period covered by OCR’s investigation, failed to comply with the requirements of Title IX. Taking into account all of the evidence gathered during the investigation, OCR determined that a sexually hostile environment existed for and affected numerous students and staff on campus at the University during the time period covered by OCR’s investigation; and that the University’s failure to address complaints of sexual harassment, including sexual violence, in a prompt and equitable manner caused and may have contributed to a continuation of this sexually hostile environment.East Lansing,Michigan,United States
New York City Public Schools - 24/02/2015Elementary/SecondaryNew York Public SchoolsNew York City,New York,United StatesOCR’s investigation confirmed that girls in New York City public schools are underrepresented in athletics programs and determined that an additional 3,862 opportunities would be needed to level the playing field for female students. The federal agency rejected the District’s claim that it had a practice of adding athletic opportunities for girls because it had cut girls’ opportunities over the past several years and lacked a process for students to request the addition of sports. OCR also found that the District is not fully accommodating female students’ interests in playing sports, noting that there is evidence of unmet interest in volleyball, softball, basketball, soccer, tennis, cross-country, bowling, golf and swimming. The District has entered an agreement with OCR to resolve the widespread Title IX violation, in which it will conduct comprehensive assessments of female students’ interests and add sports accordingly. The assessments will be based on multiple indicators of interest and will include a survey of girls in 8th through 12th grades, their participation in club, intramural and recreational sports offered in the District’s competitive region, and identification of sports not offered by the District but offered by other schools in the same region. The District is required to report its findings to OCR by Fall 2015 and to add opportunities for girls as required in the upcoming school years. The District also must develop a process for students to request additional sports opportunities, provide a description of all sports offerings at each high school to all students in physical education classes and provide Title IX training to all Athletic Directors.New York City,New York,United States
Ohio State University - 11/09/2014PostsecondaryOhio State UniversityColumbus,Ohio,United StatesThrough this compliance review, OCR determined that the university is in violation of Title IX because its written policies and procedures for responding to complaints, reports and other incidents of sexual violence and harassment do not comply with the law’s requirements. During the course of OCR’s compliance review, the university conducted a comprehensive investigation of alleged sexual harassment within its marching band and found that there was a sexually hostile environment for students in the marching band and that the band director failed to adequately eliminate that harassment, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects. Under established OCR policy, a sexually hostile environment violates Title IX. OCR incorporates in the resolution agreement the university’s own corrective action steps for the marching band as requirements.Columbus,Ohio,United States
Princeton University - 05/11/2014PostsecondaryPrinceton UniversityPrinceton,New Jersey,United StatesOCR’s investigation determined Princeton to be in violation of Title IX for failing to promptly and equitably respond to complaints of sexual violence, including sexual assault, and also failing to end the sexually hostile environment for one student. In addition, the policies and procedures used by the university to investigate and respond to assaults and violence did not comply with Title IX. However, OCR concluded that the university did comply with Title IX by designating and providing notice of its Title IX coordinator and by providing and publicizing compliant notices of nondiscrimination. OCR’s probe was based on complaints filed on behalf of university students. This fall, Princeton implemented new consolidated policies and procedures that correct many of the deficiencies identified in OCR’s investigation. Importantly, the university will use the correct “preponderance of the evidence” standard to investigate sexual assault and violence allegations. The new policies also make clear that both parties will be provided appeal rights, cases will be handled in prompt timeframes (generally 45 days), and state Princeton’s commitment to provide appropriate interim measures to preserve a complainant’s educational experience, promote safety for all, and deter retaliation. Princeton also agreed to take numerous other steps to ensure that these revised policies are effective in creating a campus environment in which students feel comfortable and safe reporting incidents of sexual assault and violence. The school has also committed to take campus safety seriously and respond to complaints promptly and equitably. In addition, as part of its monitoring of the agreement, OCR will analyze the institution’s new policies and procedures in detail to determine if any revisions, in addition to those highlighted above, are necessary.Princeton,New Jersey,United States
Southern Methodist University - 11/12/2014PostsecondarySouthern Methodist UniversityDallas,Texas,United StatesFollowing its investigation, OCR determined that SMU violated Title IX by failing to promptly and equitably respond to student complaints of gender-based harassment and sexual violence, including sexual assault, and to reports of retaliatory harassment. OCR concluded that the institution’s failure to respond promptly and equitably to complaints of sexual assault of a male student by another male student and of subsequent retaliatory harassment from other students resulted in a continued sexually hostile environment for the male victim, ultimately leading to the student’s withdrawal from the university. The office also found that SMU’s sexual harassment and sexual violence policies and its nondiscrimination notice do not comply with Title IX requirements.Dallas,Texas,United States
State University of New York - 31/10/2013PostsecondaryState University of New YorkNew York City,New York,United StatesOCR concluded that grievance procedures adopted by SUNY and/or individual campuses were inadequate to provide for the prompt and equitable resolution of complaints of sexual harassment, including sexual assault and violence. In addition, OCR reviewed 159 individual cases of alleged sexual harassment from four of SUNY’s individual campuses visited during the review (SUNY Albany, SUNY New Paltz, SUNY Buffalo State College, and SUNY Morrisville). OCR determined that the vast majority of these cases involved reports of sexual assault or violence sufficiently serious to create a sexually hostile environment for the affected students. In some of the instances, OCR found deficiencies, including complainants not receiving prompt or adequate investigations of their complaints; not receiving notice of the outcomes of their complaints; not being provided equal opportunities to attend prehearing conferences and/or present evidence and witnesses at the hearing.New York City,New York,United States
Tufts University - 28/04/2014PostsecondaryTufts UniversityMedford,Massachusetts,United StatesThe office concluded that the university failed to provide prompt and equitable responses to student complaints of sexual assault and harassment, as required by Title IX. Tufts did not investigate alleged sexual assaults when notified unless the allegations were part of a written complaint. The university did not have a permanent Title IX coordinator for more than a year and a half during the 2009-10 and 2010-11 academic years. The institution failed to ensure equal access to its education programs and activities and to protect complainants as necessary, including by taking effective interim measures before the final outcome of an investigation. OCR also determined that Tufts’ current policies and procedures do not comply with the applicable Title IX requirements. In addition, the office determined that for the student filing the complaint with the Education Department, the university allowed for the continuation of a hostile environment and denied the student’s access to educational opportunities at the university. Arrangements made by the university to separate the student and the accused disproportionately burdened the student. The agreement signed by the university requires Tufts to address sexual assault and harassment on its campuses in a comprehensive manner that includes clarifying applicable processes for responding swiftly and effectively. It also requires the university to assess the effectiveness of the steps it takes and, with OCR review and approval, to take additional steps that may be necessary to ensure that students are not subjected to a sexually hostile climate.Medford,Massachusetts,United States
University of Montana-Missoula - 09/05/2013PostsecondaryUniversity of Montana-MissoulaMissoula,Montana,United StatesIn May 2012, the United States launched a comprehensive review of the university's handling of sexual assault and harassment complaints over a three-year period, as well as its policies, procedures, training and student education efforts. The Department of Justice today also obtained a separate agreement with the university to resolve allegations that the university's campus police force, the Office of Public Safety (OPS), discriminated against women by failing to adequately respond to reports of on-campus sexual assault. The two agreements announced today resolve both of the United States' investigations of the university: under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which both prohibit sex discrimination in education programs, including sexual assault and harassment, and the Department of Justice’s investigation of the university’s campus police under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, and the anti-discrimination provisions of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. The Department of Justice continues to seek resolution in its investigations of the Missoula Police Department and the Missoula County Attorney's Office for their alleged failure to adequately respond to complaints of sexual assault.Missoula,Montana,United States
University of Virginia - 21/09/2015PostsecondaryUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesville,Virginia,United StatesOCR’s investigation determined UVA had a mixed record of responding to reports of sexual harassment and sexual violence. During academic years 2008-09 through 2011-12, and with respect to three specific concerns identified after the 2011-12 academic year, OCR found UVA to be in violation of Title IX for failing to promptly and equitably respond to certain complaints of sexual violence, including in instances in which the university did not promptly investigate information in cases that involved fraternities. OCR also found a basis for a hostile environment for the affected students and that the university failed to take sufficient steps to eliminate a hostile environment and prevent its recurrence for the portion of the investigation that OCR completed. OCR also found that prior to the adoption of its current policy, the policies used by UVA to investigate and respond to sexual violence did not fully comply with Title IX. Some aspects of the prior policy did not provide fair process either to complainants or to students accused of sexual violence, and the university corrected this during the course of OCR’s review, which opened in June 2011. In addition, OCR found that the university did not adequately distribute its Title-IX-required notice to students and others that it does not discriminate on the basis of sex, and that the Title IX coordinator did not adequately coordinate the university’s efforts to comply with and carry out its responsibilities under Title IX.Charlottesville,Virginia,United States
Virginia Military Institute - 09/05/2014PostsecondaryVirginia Military InstituteLexington,Virginia,United StatesOCR found that female cadets were exposed to a sexually hostile environment and that VMI failed to provide for the prompt and equitable resolution of cadet complaints alleging sexual harassment and sexual assault, as required by Title IX. The office determined that VMI's policies and procedures for addressing complaints of sexual assault from cadets and employees fail to comply with Title IX. OCR also found VMI in violation of the Title IX regulation that prohibits excluding a student on the basis of pregnancy because VMI's marriage and parenthood policy required a pregnant cadet to resign or be separated from the school. Parenting cadets were also required to resign or face separation from VMI. OCR negotiated revisions to VMI's marriage and parenthood policy, which became effective in April 2014.Lexington,Virginia,United States
West Contra Costa Unified School District - 06/11/2013Elementary/SecondaryWest Contra Costa Unified School DistrictRichmond,California,United StatesOCR’s investigation revealed that sexually harassing, student-on-student behavior permeated the educational environment at school sites and that the district has not undertaken school-wide or district-wide initiatives sufficient to address it. Evidence included verbal and physical conduct by students, including sexual assaults, unwelcome touching, demands for sexual favors, and the use of sexually derogatory language created a hostile environment at district schools. OCR also found that students had been subjected to sexual harassment by employees. In addition, the district was not in compliance with the procedural requirements of Title IX, which include adoption and publication of grievance procedures providing for prompt and equitable resolution of complaints of sex discrimination and designation of at least one employee to coordinate compliance with Title IX.Richmond,California,United States
Yale University - 15/06/2012PostsecondaryYale UniversityNew Haven,Connecticut,United StatesIn March 2011, the Office for Civil Rights received a complaint alleging that a sexually hostile environment existed on campus of the university, to which the university had not responded in a prompt and adequate manner. The complaint was filed, in part, as a result of a well-publicized incident in October 2010 when fraternity pledges chanted sexually aggressive comments outside the university's Women's Center located on Old Campus, where most freshman students live. Based on the complaint allegations, OCR conducted an extensive investigation to assess whether the university had designated a Title IX coordinator, whether the university had grievance procedures to promptly and equitably address complaints under Title IX, and whether the university had allowed a sexually hostile environment to be created on campus by not sufficiently responding to notice of sexual harassment. The university worked closely with OCR throughout its investigation, voluntarily and proactively made changes to its procedures and practices related to Title IX compliance, and notified the university-wide community of these changes. The university has further agreed to continue this commitment by entering into a voluntary resolution agreement. The agreement provides that the university will continue to improve and publicize university resources and programming aimed at responding to and preventing sexual harassment and violence. The university will also conduct periodic assessments of the campus climate to evaluate the success of its efforts to provide a safe learning and living environment for its students, free of sexual harassment and violence. Further, the university will continue to coordinate its compliance efforts via its university Title IX coordinator and deputy coordinators and will widely publicize information regarding its designated Title IX coordinators. The university will continue to implement its new grievance process designed to promptly and equitably address complaints of sexual misconduct under Title IX and notify the university community of the outcome of complaints, when appropriate. It will continue its efforts to educate all sectors of the university community on Title IX, including training for administrators, faculty, staff, student service-providers and various student populations.New Haven,Connecticut,United States

Note: "Date" refers to date when the OCR announced the violations and the resolution agreement.

On September 21 2015, the US Department of Education concluded its investigations on the University of Virginia. The Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) declared that the university violated Title IX. Among the many accusations, the university "failed to respond in a prompt and equitable manner to many reports of sexual violence that were not filed as formal complaints. In addition, at least through the 2011-2012 academic year the University did not respond promptly and equitably to student complaints involving sexual harassment committed by University employees"  (OCR).

UVA is yet another institution found to be in violation of Title IX. Earlier that month, the OCR had also announced that Michigan State had failed to comply with Title IX requirements while responding to complaints.

Methodology

Initially, we started collecting data on secondary and postsecondary schools that the OCR is investigating for Title IX violations. This list is public and comes from the OCR itself. However, when an investigation ends and a school is crossed off that list, there is no real resource out there collecting information on the outcome of the investigations. 

In an effort to fill this gap, we've begun collecting media reports on schools that the OCR investigated and found non-compliant. We've then enhanced this information with location data and more details about the schools reported.

We'll update the resource monthly, and you can email us for suggestions. 

Please keep in mind that even if the OCR reported violations in a school, this doesn't mean that the violations are still withstanding. Usually, the institution would begin reforming its practices during the investigation itself, or commit to make prompt improvements of its conduct. 

Note: The last update on this resource dates back to October 8 2015. However the data on the schools currently under investigations was published by the OCR earlier. Therefore this information is updated as of August 5th for postsecondary institutions and as of September 28th for secondary institutions. As soon as new data is published, we'll update our lists as well.

In Chicago's and NYC's Public Schools, Female Students are Significantly Underrepresented in Athletics Teams

And sometimes, an entire school district is charged with non-compliance, as it's been the case for Chicago and New York Public schools. The OCR found that in both instances, there are severe disparities between the number of female students enrolled and the number of female students in athletics programs.

Investigations per Institution, Where Violations Were Found

Note: "Date" refers to date when the OCR announced the violations and the resolution agreement.

Private Postsecondary Schools Are Home to Only 1/4 of Enrolled Students Nationwide. Yet They Represent 45% of Cases With Title IX Violations

Harvard, Princeton, Tufts, and Yale are some of the private institutions found in OCR's non-compliance list. Even though private institutions comprise of 1/4 of enrolled students nationwide, they represent alone about 45% of the OCR's cases. Which, relatively, puts them in a worse place than public institutions, considering the disparity in enrollment numbers. Even though public institutions are roughly as likely to have incurred violations, they also host 3/4 of enrolled students nationwide, according to the 2015 projection by the National Center of Education Statistics.

Note: With only 16 cases of violations found, the numbers can't be considered statistically significant.

Number of Investigations with Violations Found, by School Control


Number of Pending Investigations by School Control


Washington D.C. Public Schools Have Been Under Investigation Since December 2010

As of August 5th, 2015, the pending investigation on DC's public schools is the longer one currently in progress, having lasted 1 749 days.

Investigation Duration (Days)

Note: "Number of days" is calculated on the basis of the day the latest OCR data published, which is 5th off August 2015 for postsecondary institutions and 28th of September for secondary schools.

New York is the City with the Most Title IX Investigations

There are currently 8 cases under revision by the OCR against schools in NYC, making it the top ranking city for pending investigations.

New York City is also the place with most completed OCR investigations that reported actual violations: one for SUNY and one for NYC's Public Schools.

Number of Pending Investigations grouped by Institution's Location


Number of Pending Investigations grouped by Institution's Location


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